If you hoard more skincare products than food, you most likely have no space left on your dresser to hold more items for skincare than for anything else. This should not leave you worry-free on which product to use on your face.
It is important for women to first know their skin type because not all skincare products are manufactured with the same types of ingredients and the ability to produce great effects. This makes the selection of skincare products a customized matter for women like you and me. While a certain cleanser may work for you, it might not be a good choice for me. What it boils down to is the type of skin we have or are born with.
Although most skin types should follow the cleanse-tone-moisturize regimen in the morning, oily skin does not. It is only in the evening that oily skin requires a moisturizer and an oil-free one at that.
Normal skin is not particularly dry or oily and with the absence of acne, sensitivity, and aging is the most desirable of all skin types. Normal skin should be cleansed using a sulfate-free cleanser. The toner should not contain any of the following: isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, denatured alcohol, and SD alcohol 40. Those ingredients are typically found in many commercial toners.
Moisturization is to be done using a light product with SPF and in the evening, use an antioxidant serum with vitamin C, and algae extract as well as other brightening ingredients. A few times a week, use a glycolic acid product to eliminate dry skin cells.
Dry skin comes with a damaged barrier against moisture. The invisible cracks in dry skin allow the escape of moisture and the easy entry of irritants. This skin type needs a super-mild, no-lather, and foam-free cleansing lotion. There should be no isopropyl alcohol, ethanol, denatured alcohol, and SD alcohol 40 in a dry skin toner.
An extremely potent antioxidant serum with vitamins A, C, and E for daytime use helps prevent the destruction of collagen and should be followed with a hydrating moisturizer with SPF. An eye cream with peptides is great for nighttime use.
The larger oil glands plus high sebum content in oily skin are genetic properties, making the objective for this skin type as the reduction of the oil activity simply by keeping the skin cells just lightly hydrated. It is how oil breeds bacteria that causes flare ups in oily skin. Washing the face three times a day using a sulfate-free foam or gel cleanser is sensible. Use an alcohol-free toner.
For the toner, you want ingredients such as geranium, sodium PCA, and witch hazel. The moisturizer should be oil-free and light, also with witch hazel plus glycerin. A zinc oxide sunscreen leaves the skin with a matte finish. Any AHA/BHA serum reduces the appearance of large skin pores.
Combination skin is oily in some spots but dry in others. A cleansing gel for oily skin would be nice. When the skin starts getting overly dry, switch to a cleansing lotion. Use a toner for oily skin, then a lightweight moisturizer. A zinc oxide sunscreen that works for oily skin will also be effective for combination skin. So will a retinol serum and AHA/BHA serum for oily skin.
Sensitive skin is not acne-prone skin per se but more a skin type that gets irritated and red easily. This kind of skin needs a gentle, sulfate-free cleansing lotion, an alcohol-free toner, a scent-free moisturizer, and a zinc oxide SPF sunscreen. A gel-based mask with a naturally cooler formulation is suitable for an inflamed, irritated complexion. Use a lactic acid serum.
Aging skin will need the wrinkles to be plumped up, the sagging to be lifted, and the dark spots to be banished. The skin regimen would be similar to what those with dry skin have to follow but with a few minor variations.
Use a cleansing lotion for dry skin and don’t neglect the neck during the cleansing, treating, and sunscreen application. This is the first spot that shows visible signs of aging earlier than the face. You want a toner with AHA and BHA and for dry skin. The antioxidant serum should have licorice, vitamin C, and other brightening ingredients.
Get a moisturizer with SPF for dry skin plus antioxidants. Since skin gets more delicate while aging, you will also need a physical exfoliator with micro-beads, especially for use on the neck area.
You might want to seek the advice of a professional dermatologist to get a hold of a retinol serum. Use an eye cream for dry skin and a hydrating moisturizer with retinol to smooth fine lines and keep the future ones at bay.